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January 2020

Monday, 27 January 2020 00:00

Identifying Your Wound

People can develop a wound for a number of reasons. When a wound has occurred, it’s important that you be able to identify it, that way you know how best to treat it. Wounds may either be open or closed. Open wounds break the skin and may leave the internal tissue exposed. Closed wounds, however, do not break the skin. These types of wounds may involve tissue damage or bleeding that occurs underneath the skin’s surface. Whether a wound is opened or closed, immediate care should be sought in order to help prevent getting an infection. Those with diabetes should take particular care of their feet in order to avoid getting a wound, as they are more likely to develop an infection, which may lead to further foot complications. For more advice on how to identify and treat wounds of the feet, we recommend you consult with a podiatrist for professional care and treatment.

Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with Dr. John R. Northrup from Superior Podiatry. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Wound Care?

Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic. 

What Is the Importance of Wound Care?

While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.

How to Care for Wounds

The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine and Palm Coast, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 20 January 2020 00:00

Pain in the Back of the Leg

Patients who have experienced an Achilles tendon injury are often familiar with the pain and discomfort this condition can cause. It can often be debilitating, and may considerably restrict the ability to walk and run. This tendon is located in the calf, and it connects the calf muscles to the ankle. This type of injury can happen as a result of being overweight, exercising on uneven surfaces, or wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. Some of the symptoms that are associated with a partial or complete tear of  the Achilles tendon can include swelling, severe pain in the back of the leg, and it may be difficult to move the ankle. If you think you may have an Achilles tendon injury, please schedule an appointment with a podiatrist as quickly as possible so the correct treatment can begin.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. John R. Northrup of Superior Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine and Palm Coast, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 13 January 2020 00:00

What Leads to a Gout Attack?

Arthritis can develop in many different forms. The build up of crystals that form in and around the joints is a symptom of arthritis commonly referred to as gout. Gout is particularly painful and most commonly affects the big toe. Some symptoms that indicate you might have developed gout include heat, tenderness, pain, swelling, and redness of the affected joint. You may also notice that the skin over the affected joint may appear shiny, and can begin to peel overtime. Gout typically develops due to an increase of urate crystals that spill out from the cartilage and into the space between the bones and joints. This build up of crystals can lead to what is referred to as a gout attack. For information about treating gout and relieving its symptoms, we recommend that you consult with a podiatrist for professional care and advice.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. John R. Northrup from Superior Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine and Palm Coast, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Sunday, 12 January 2020 00:00

Before you start dancing...

 

When it comes to purchasing shoes, you want to ensure that you are getting both comfort and quality out of your footwear. To make sure your shoes are the perfect fit for you, it is recommended that you measure your feet beforehand, that way you have an idea of what size shoe will best fit your feet. A great tip to make sure you’re getting the most accurate measurement is to measure your feet at the end of the day, when they are typically at their largest. By doing this, you’re avoiding purchasing shoes that may be too small and will no longer properly fit your feet as the day goes on. It may also be helpful to wear a pair of socks you would normally wear with the shoes you’re looking into buying, that way you can tell if the shoes fit with your sock choice, or if they are too small. By picking the correct shoe size you may be preventing the development of foot complications such as hammertoes, blisters, and bunions. For more tips on how to choose the best shoe for you, we recommend you speak with a podiatrist for professional advice.

It is important to find shoes that fit you properly in order to avoid a variety of different foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. John R. Northrup from Superior Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

Shoes have many different functions. They cushion our body weight, protect our feet, and allow us to safely play sports. You should always make sure that the shoes you wear fit you properly in order to avoid injuries and deformities such as: bunions, corns, calluses, hammertoes, plantar fasciitis, stress fractures, and more. It is important to note that although a certain pair of shoes might be a great fit for someone else, that doesn’t mean they will be a great fit for you. This is why you should always try on shoes before buying them to make sure they are worth the investment. Typically, shoes need to be replaced ever six months to one year of regular use.

Tips for Proper Shoe Fitting

  • Select a shoe that is shaped like your foot
  • Don’t buy shoes that fit too tight, expecting them to stretch to fit
  • Make sure there is enough space (3/8” to ½”) for your longest toe at the end of each shoe when you are standing up
  • Walk in the shoes to make sure they fit and feel right
  • Don’t select shoes by the size marked inside the shoe, but by how the shoe fits your foot

The shoes you buy should always feel as good as they look. Shoes that fit properly will last longer, feel better, and improve your way of life each day.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine and Palm Coast, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Get a Proper Shoe Fit
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